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The Jewelry Hut Diamond Learning Center



The diamond 4 Cs; Carat, Cut, Clarity, and Color are the basic characteristics that determine the quality and value of a diamond.

A) Diamond Carat Weight
A diamond’s weight is measured in Carat. Carat is a unit of measurement equal to 200 milligrams. Do not confused the term “Carat” with term “Karat,” which is used to measure the purity of gold.

B) Diamond Cut
Diamonds are cut into numerous shapes. The only one of the 4 Cs that is within human’s control is a diamond’s cut.  Cut refers to the geometric proportions to which a diamond is crafted, usually by an experienced master diamond cutter.  Once a diamond’s shape has been determined, facets are cut.  It is these facets that refract light like a prism and produce the stone’s fire and brilliance.
There are many factors that go into a well cut diamond.  It must be cut to precise and angles; it can not be too shallow or too deep; its facets must align properly; its surfaces must be polished to a mirror like finish.



  • Round Brilliant Cut
    It is the most popular of all cuts.  Every Round Brilliant cut consist of 58 facets, and when cut to the proper proportions, is most brilliant of all the diamond shapes. Fancy shaped diamonds sacrifice anywhere from 30% to 70% of their brilliance to their shape.  Brilliance is determined by the way light enters a diamond and breaks into spectral colors through the star, bezel, and girdle facets.  Because a Round Brilliant diamond is cut in the shape of a circle, light is distributed evenly throughout the stone. When the circle is broken, the light is immediately redirected to areas of the diamond where it’s not broken into spectral colors. This is known as “ light leakage.
  • Oval Cut
    The Oval Shape diamond is probably the most brilliant of the fancy shape stones because it is rounded on the top and bottom of the stone. However, even if the Oval shape diamond is cut to its most perfect proportions, it will never obtain the brilliance of a properly cut round diamond.
  • Marquise Cut
    The Marquise Shape diamond is one of the most popular fancy shapes and sells at a premium to the Round Shape diamond. The reason is because of the increased labor costs for cutting a diamond into a Marquise Shape.
  • Heart Cut
    The Heart Shape Diamonds the least popular of the fancy shapes diamonds. One reason is because of irregularity in the shapes.  Most are not proportioned very well and vaguely resemble a heart.
  • Pear Shape
    Another very popular fancy shape diamond, the Pear Shape diamond produces most of its brilliance from the rounded bottom part of the pear shape. As the diamond tapers to a point, most of the brilliance is lost.
  • Emerald Cut
    The Emerald Cut is the least brilliant.
  • Radiant Cut
    Most Radiant Shape diamonds are rectangular in shape like the Emerald Cut, but because it has additional 40 facets it has considerably more brilliance.
  • Princess Cut
    Princess Shape Diamonds have 90 individual facets cut into a square shape increasing their brilliance.




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